In the last two years we have seen an unprecedented rise in counter-urbanisation: Claims of a London exodus including residents leaving other UK cities in search of a more country lifestyle are not exaggerated.
For the first time in decades, urban property prices have risen at a slower rate than those in rural areas. Urban planners are responding by enabling city living to better adapt to new priorities of ‘wellness’, specifically green spaces and clean air.
A buzz word in urban regeneration, ‘wellness’ predates the pandemic but has taken on greater significance because of it. Prior to 2020, we would consistently spend time across a range of different communal spaces, be this at the office, the high street or other recreational facilities. After almost two years being home bound, the demand on our own personal living areas, as well as that of its immediate surroundings, had changed.
Many house buyers and tenants are now prioritising bigger internal spaces that can more easily accommodate homeworking. In parallel, the demand for gardens and outdoor living areas such as such as terraces, balconies and rooftop gardens have become crucial for real estate.
So as a result of the choices that remote and hybrid working has brought about, we are forced to look well beyond conventional models. Planning, design and housing are staunchly user-focused industries, and as looks likely considerations around wellness remain a high priority. developers, homebuilders, architects and masterplanners are therefore adapting quickly.
We are moving into a period where quality of living spaces and gardens and the character of properties rank higher than simply living in close proximity to the workplace. Typical ‘grid’-like planning, which often results in small and densely packed gardens, will struggle to satisfy this demand. Design factors such as the placement of windows, greater celling height, and the amount of natural light are also playing an increased role as appeal factors.
As many city dwellers look to capitalise on the freedom provided by remote working, we will see reduced demand for office space, which we hope, in turn, will provide the land to develop more affordable but quality housing options for city dwellers and those looking to embrace city life. At the same time planners also need to consider wellness factors including accessibility to better infrastructure, community parks and other leisure facilities.
In addressing the need for wellbeing, the city of the future will benefit from better infrastructure to enable ‘active’ transport – specifically walking and cycling routes; but also public access to green areas and a substantial focus on biodiversity. This will then enable cities to reduce traffic and emissions.
The ‘15-minute neighbourhood’, a model in which access to key recreational and leisure facilities are 15 minutes away or less, is an increasingly popular concept which is supported by, and supports, the concept of wellbeing while also creating cohesion and a sense of ownership in our communities. Complemented by better access to nature and provision of adequate green areas for recreation and leisure, this can ensure that the city of the future complements addresses residents’ desire to escape from the hustle and bustle of daily life, and for cities to prosper.